Treatments and Programmes
Oral hydration is recommended to prevent concentrated urine that can predispose to stone formation (recommended daily fluid intake of at least 2L). The gold standard imaging for urinary tract stones is non-contrast CT scan (CT KUB).
Depending on the location of the stone (eg., kidney, ureter, bladder), various techniques will be used to remove the stones, including ESWL, ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) and cystoscopy.
If there is infection of the urinary tract due to stones, antibiotics should be initiated. Adequate pain relieved should also be given at presentation.