Treatments and Programmes
Treatment is often dependent on multiple factors including:
- the severity of your symptoms and disease;
- your age and physical demands;
- your current health status and other medical conditions that you may have.
Treatment is divided into
Early stage osteoarthritis may be managed with lifestyle changes, physical therapy, non-steroidal and steroidal medications in the form of oral medications or joint injections.
When non-surgical treatment is not helpful in relieving symptoms or if you have late-stage osteoarthritis,
surgical treatments may be considered in the form of:
Arthroscopy: Using a joint camera called an arthroscope to treat damaged portions of the joint and stimulate healing and repair in the defective areas of cartilage loss.
Osteotomy: Bones are cut and re-aligned in order to re-distribute the forces across the knee joint.
Joint replacement: Damaged bone and cartilage are removed and replaced with a prosthetic knee joint. Depending on the involvement of the joint and the suitability of the patient, the surgeon may opt to replace the entire joint (total knee replacement) or part of the joint (partial knee joint replacement).