LPR can be caused by a weakness in the closure of the sphincter muscles between the stomach, esophagus (food channel between the throat and the stomach) and the pharynx (throat).
Often, it is related to lifestyle and eating habits. Caffeine, spicy foods, chocolates, citrus fruits, alcohol and smoking can aggravate reflux. Lying down after eating causes stomach contents to flow back into the throat area, causing irritation. Being overweight and increased levels of mental stress can also cause reflux.