LPR can be caused by a weakness in the closure of the sphincter muscles between the stomach, esophagus (food channel between the throat and the stomach) and the pharynx (throat).
Often, it is related to lifestyle and eating habits. Caffeine, spicy foods, chocolates, citrus fruits, alcohol and smoking can aggravate reflux. Lying down after eating causes stomach contents to flow back into the throat area, causing irritation. Being overweight and increased levels of mental stress can also cause reflux.
Your ENT doctor will usually perform a throat examination which allows him to see signs of reflux irritation on the larynx. Symptoms such as redness, excess phlegm, and swelling of the voicebox are common manifestations of reflux laryngitis.
LPR is usually treated with medication and a change in lifestyle. In addition, it is important to make changes in eating habits and stress management.
LPR can be minimized by: