Lifestyle changes targeted at the risk factors associated with high blood pressure can reduce blood pressure. Weight reduction, exercise and a low salt healthy diet can help to reduce blood pressure. However, sometimes lifestyle changes alone are not enough, and medication is needed to lower your blood pressure to target.
There are many different classes (types) of medications that are available to treat high blood pressure. Generally, it is the amount of reduction in blood pressure rather than a specific type of blood pressure lowering medication, is the major determinant in reducing your cardiovascular risk. The choice of blood pressure lowering agents depends on the patient pre-existing co-morbidities and lifestyles. Therefore, management of high blood pressure can be complex, and thus it is best to seek your doctor’s guidance on this matter.