All three parts work together to help us to hear sounds. When there is a problem with one or more of these parts, hearing loss occurs and it can affect people of all ages.
A hearing test can be done to determine your hearing levels. The results will be plotted on a chart called an audiogram. If there is a hearing loss, you may have difficulty hearing speech well.
There are three types of hearing losses:
Conductive hearing loss occurs when there is an issue with the outer and/or middle ear. Examples include a blockage in the ear canal, a hole in the ear drum or an ear infection.
Sensorineural hearing loss occurs when there is an issue with the inner ear. There could be damage to the sensory cells in the cochlea, or the hearing nerve.
Mixed hearing loss is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
Signs and symptoms of hearing loss may include: