Epilepsy is a brain condition caused by sudden, uncontrolled bursts of electrical activity in the brain which results in seizures.
A seizure is caused by sudden, uncontrolled bursts of electrical activity in the brain. This causes temporary changes to body movements, sensations, thoughts, and emotions. Seizures may occur in anyone at any age, from small children to the elderly. Nearly 1 in 10 people will experience a seizure in their lifetime. The diagnosis of epilepsy is made when a person has an abnormally high susceptibility to seizures. If you have two or more seizures, or suffer a seizure with an identifiable area of abnormality in the brain, you may be diagnosed with epilepsy.
Seizures occur when there are sudden, uncontrolled bursts of electrical activity in the brain. The reason why this occurs is not known in the majority of patients, but in some patients, seizures occur because of damage to the brain, for example after a head injury, brain tumour, stroke, poisoning or infection.
In some people with epilepsy, certain factors can increase the risk of having a seizure. These are known as 'triggers' and include:
Epilepsy is diagnosed based on information on events that happened during the seizure.
Some tests may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis, type of seizure and cause:
Some types of epilepsy only occur in childhood and the person may outgrow the seizures as they get older. However, the majority of patients require long-term treatment to control their seizures.
Singapore Epilepsy Foundation provides support for persons with epilepsy and their caregivers, and increases public awaress of the condition. For more information contact 6334 4302 or visit https://www.epilepsy.com.sg
Epilepsy Care Group (Singapore) provides education and counselling for persons with epilepsy and their caregivers, and raises public awareness about epilepsy.