Treatments and Programmes
Colonoscopy is the main diagnostic modality for colorectal cancer because it can visualise and biopsy the tumour. Early detection of colorectal cancer through screening will enable early treatment and longer term survival. The 5-year survival rates for patients with localized, regional, and metastatic colon cancer are 91%, 72%, and 13% respectively.
Surgery is the primary form of treatment for colorectal cancer, and chemotherapy is commonly given after surgery. Today most colorectal cancer surgery is performed laparoscopically (keyhole surgery) if possible.
Patients will experience less post-operative pain and a shorter length of hospital stay. The Enhanced Perioperative Care (EPOC) pathway provides a systemic pre-operative to post-operative steps to enhance the recovery from colorectal cancer surgery. Occassionaly, patients with rectal cancer may require radiotherapy either pre- or post- operatively.